There are mainly two types of X-rays under which several categories of X-rays are there to detect your teeth problems. They are,
1. Intra-Oral X-rays
When the X-ray film or sensor is inside your mouth, it comes under Intra-Oral X-rays. The three categories under this are,
- Bitewing X-rays
- Periapical X-rays
- Occlusal X-rays
You are advised to take a Bitewing X-ray once a year. They show the upper and lower teeth in one area of your mouth. It helps your dentist detect decay between your teeth, gum diseases, bone loss or any changes below your gum line.
Bitewing X-rays do not usually show the roots of your teeth.
A periapical X-ray shows your entire tooth, from the crown to the root tip. This type of X-ray helps your dentist detect decay, gum disease, bone loss and any other abnormalities of your tooth or surrounding bone. The main difference between bitewing and periapical is, here the entire tooth is visible.
Occlusal X-rays help to detect any issues in the floor or roof of your mouth. Occlusal images can also help identify cysts, abscesses and jaw fractures. Pediatric dentists may use occlusal X-rays to evaluate developing teeth.
2. Extra-Oral X-rays
When the X-ray film or sensor is outside your mouth, it comes under Extra-Oral X-rays. The three categories under this are,
- Panoramic X-rays
- Cephalometric X-rays
- Cone beam CT scan
A panoramic dental X-ray shows the entire structure of your mouth in a single image. It includes upper and lower teeth, jaw joints, nerves, sinuses and supporting bone. A panoramic X-ray helps your dentist to get an overview of existing oral health issues.
A cephalometric X-ray shows your entire head from the side. It shows the location of your teeth in your jaw.
Orthodontists (dentists who are specialized in correcting bites) often use cephalometric X-rays to plan treatment.
Dentists use computed tomography (CT) scans to capture 3D dental X-rays of your teeth, jaws, joints, nerves and sinuses. These X-rays can also detect tumors or facial fractures.
Surgeons often use dental CT scans to check the height, width and jawbone location before dental implant placement.
These are the various types of X-rays available in the dental field, and they help to diagnose and plan treatment for your oral problems.
Our team of dental professionals at MiddleTown Dental Care Services has years of experience in conducting oral exams and X-rays. We use a gentle approach, ensuring that our patients feel comfortable and at ease during their visits. We take time to explain the process and answer your questions before doing any procedure.
Contact us today to schedule an appointment with our experienced dental professionals. Let us help you maintain oral health and achieve a beautiful, healthy smile.